Quick-Step: Praising children for their effort, rather than praising them for their intelligence.
What it is: Specific ways for adults to help kids try harder when presented with adversity instead of giving up or asking for assistance.
Why you need this: There are two types of mindsets that children can have—Fixed Mindset and Growth Mindset. A Fixed Mindset is someone who believes they are stuck with whatever intelligence they have now—they can’t really improve. A Growth Mindset is the opposite—the more you challenge yourself, the smarter you can become. Researchers have identified ways to encourage children to adopt a growth mindset as opposed to a fixed mindset. The key is the choice of words the adult offers the child when giving the child encouragement.
Estimated time: A few minutes every day, especially when kids are working on homework.
How to do it: The next time you see your child working hard or attempting a task, follow these tips:
- Praise your children for their effort, rather than praising them for their intelligence. Students praised for their effort will often attempt the more difficult task.
- Praising your children in general. Researchers found that over time, children who received more praise tended to have the growth mindset.
- Encourage your kids to use their brain. If homework comes easy to your children, give them something additional to work on. A brain is like a muscle—challenge it so it will grow!
Source: Why Some Kids Try Harder and Why Some Kids Give Up, Tracy Cutchlow, Huffington Post.